Arterial/Vascular Doppler Ultrasound
This test examines the blood flow in the major arteries and veins in the arms and legs with
the use of ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves). The test combines Doppler
ultrasonography, which uses audio measurements to “hear” and measure the blood flow and
duplex ultrasonography, which provides a visual image.
Carotid Doppler Ultrasound
Carotid ultrasound is a test that shows the carotid arteries (vessels in the neck that provide
blood flow to the brain), as well as how much blood flows and how fast it travels through
The most common reason for a venous ultrasound exam is to search for blood clots,
especially in the veins of the leg. Other reasons include: Finding the cause of long-standing
leg swelling, aiding in placement of a needle or catheter in a large interior vein, mapping out
the veins in the leg or arm so that segments may be removed and used to bypass an area of
disease, and examining a blood vessel graft used for dialysis if it is not working as expected.
Ultrasound imaging is used extensively for evaluating the kidneys, liver, gallbladder,
pancreas, spleen and blood vessels of the abdomen.
Echocardiogram is a test that uses sound waves to create a moving picture of the heart. The
picture is much more detailed than x-ray image and involves no radiation exposure.
A breast ultrasound is a procedure that uses reflected sound waves to view and produce a
picture of the internal structures of the breast. A breast ultrasound can show all areas of the
breast, including the area closest to the chest wall, which is hard to study with a
A pelvic ultrasound uses sound waves to make a picture of the organs and structures in the
lower belly (pelvis). A pelvic ultrasound looks at:
- In women, the bladder, ovaries, uterus, cervix, and fallopian tubes
- In men, the bladder, prostate gland, and seminal vesicles
A testicular ultrasound (sonogram) is a test that uses reflected sound waves to produce a
picture of the testicles and scrotum. An ultrasound can show the long, tightly coiled tube that
lies behind each testicle and collects sperm (epididymis) and the tube (vas deferens) that
connects the testicles to the prostate gland.
A prostate ultrasound is a diagnostic test used to detect potential problems with a man’s
prostate. An ultrasound test uses very high frequency sound waves that are passed through
the body. The pattern of reflected sound waves, or “echoes,” shows the outline of the
prostate. This test can show whether the prostate is enlarged, and whether an abnormal
growth that might be cancer is present.
Renal ultrasound can be used in the evaluation of a variety of complaints and conditions.
These determine the source of abdominal pains, such as kidney stone; help in the evaluation
of infection in the kidneys or bladder; help to identify congenital abnormalities (these are
abnormalities that you have been born with) of the renal tract; help in the evaluation of
problems related to the prostate gland; and help in identifying injuries to the kidneys and
bladder after accidents.